What is the Migratory Bird Treaty Act?


The Migratory Bird Treaty Act makes it illegal for anyone to take, possess, import, export, transport, sell, purchase, barter, or offer for sale, purchase, or barter, any migratory bird, or the parts, nests, or eggs of such a bird except under the terms of a valid permit issued pursuant to Federal regulations. The migratory bird species protected by the Act are listed in  50 CFR 10.13 (pdf).

Alphabetical list of MBTA protected birds

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has statutory authority and responsibility for enforcing the  Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) (16 U.S.C. 703-712), the  Fish and Wildlife Improvement Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 742l) and the  Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956 (16 U.S.C. 742a-j). The MBTA implements Conventions between the United States and four countries (Canada, Mexico, Japan and Russia) for the protection of migratory birds.

From U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service


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