SNARES PENGUINS (Eudyptes robustus)

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SNARES PENGUINS (Eudyptes robustus)

SIZE:

  • Up to 25 in. (64 cm)
  • 6-7 lb (2.5-3 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

Vulnerable

DISTRIBUTION:

  • Snares Island (south of New Zealand)

HABITAT:

Breeds under the canopy of Olearia forests, as well as on coastal rock. The forest often dies due to penguin guano, creating clearings.

MARKINGS:

Darker and larger than the Fiordland penguin with a heavier bill. Differs from Erect-crested Penguins in having drooping feather plumes on the crest, the yellow facial stripe reaches further up the bill, and they have a more conical bill. The underwing pattern is highly variable and of little use for identification in the field.

NEST TYPE:

In colonies out in the open or under forest canopy. Nests are built from peat, wood and pebbles and Snare penguins nest in dense colonies. Similar to Fiordland Penguin, both chicks usually hatch, but only the first-hatched chick (from the B-egg) typically survives beyond the first few days.

PREY:

  • Small fishes, squid

PREDATORS:

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 23,000 breeding pairs

Sources:

http://www.penguins.cl/penguins-species.htm

http://www.penguinworld.com/types/adelie.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org

noaa.org

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#penguins #birds #Antarctica

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