MACARONI PENGUINS (Eudyptes chrysolophus)

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MACARONI PENGUINS (Eudyptes chrysolophus)

SIZE:

  • 20-24 in. (51-61 cm)
  • 10 lb (4.5 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

Vulnerable

DISTRIBUTION:

Islands near Antarctica in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, in particular Cape Horn, Falklands, South Georgia, South Sandwich, South Orkney, South Shetland, Bouvetøya, Prince Edward, Marion, Crozet, Kerguelen, Heard and Macquarie Islands.

HABITAT:

Breeds on rocky slopes, beaches and in grass. Nests are made of pebbles and by scraping out some mud or sand, but many pairs are content with laying their two eggs on bare rock.

MARKINGS:

Unlike other crested penguins, Macaroni penguins have a crest of orange plumes extends backwards, not yellow plumes.

NEST TYPE:

  • In colonies out in the open

PREY:

  • Crustaceans, squid, krill

PREDATORS:

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 9 million breeding pairs

Sources:

http://www.penguins.cl/penguins-species.htm

http://www.penguinworld.com/types/adelie.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org

noaa.org

 

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#penguins #birds #Antarctica

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