KING PENGUINS (Aptenodytes patagonicus )
- Up to 37 in. (94 cm)
- 30-35 lb (13.5-16 kg)
Islands near Antarctica including South Georgia Island, Marion Island, Prince Edward Island, Kerguelen Island, Macquarie Island and Crozet Island, where more than half of the world’s population live. Populations were exterminated on Falkland Island and Heard Island, but have been reintroduced on both.
Dense colonies can number several tens of thousand pairs and are located in grasses, gently sloping beaches, and sometimes can be nearly a mile inland. No nest is built, but pairs still maintain territories within pecking distance of each other.
The second largest of all penguins, King penguins have an orange, teardrop-shaped ear patches are closed off from white chest.
- in colonies in the open, have territories but no nest
- Squid, fishes
- Leopard seals, skuas, giant petrels, gulls, sheathbills
- 1.6 million breeding pairs
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