KING PENGUINS (Aptenodytes patagonicus )

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KING PENGUINS (Aptenodytes patagonicus )

SIZE:

  • Up to 37 in. (94 cm)
  • 30-35 lb (13.5-16 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

Least concern

DISTRIBUTION:

Islands near Antarctica including South Georgia Island, Marion Island, Prince Edward Island, Kerguelen Island, Macquarie Island and Crozet Island, where more than half of the worldโ€™s population live. Populations were exterminated on Falkland Island and Heard Island, but have been reintroduced on both.

HABITAT:

Dense colonies can number several tens of thousand pairs and are located in grasses, gently sloping beaches, and sometimes can be nearly a mile inland. No nest is built, but pairs still maintain territories within pecking distance of each other.

MARKINGS:

The second largest of all penguins, King penguins have an orange, teardrop-shaped ear patches are closed off from white chest.

NEST TYPE:

  • in colonies in the open, have territories but no nest

PREY:

  • Squid, fishes

PREDATORS:

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 1.6 million breeding pairs

Sources:

http://www.penguins.cl/penguins-species.htm

http://www.penguinworld.com/types/adelie.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org

noaa.org

 

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#penguins #birds #Antarctica

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