HUMBOLDT PENGUINS (Spheniscus humboldti)

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HUMBOLDT PENGUINS (Spheniscus humboldti)

SIZE:

  • 22-26 in. (56-66 cm)
  • 9 lb (4 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

Vulnerable

DISTRIBUTION:

Coasts of Peru and Chile and along islands off western South America

HABITAT:

Humboldt Penguins nest in burrows – often dug into thick guano deposits, among boulders, in sea caves and sometimes in the open. Most birds depart the colony after sunrise and forage in close proximity to the colony. Foraging distances vary with location but Humboldt Penguins are typically inshore foragers. They are gregarious in the breeding colonies but are less so at sea. Captive birds moult once a year.

MARKINGS:

  • One chest stripe

NEST TYPE:

  • In burrows or caves

PREY:

  • Small fishes like anchovy and sardines

PREDATORS:

  • Possibly sharks and Southern sea lions

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 33,000 individuals

Sources:

http://www.penguins.cl/penguins-species.htm

http://www.penguinworld.com/types/adelie.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org

noaa.org

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#birds #penguins #Antarctica

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