GALAPAGOS PENGUINS (Spheniscus mendiculus)

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GALAPAGOS PENGUINS (Spheniscus mendiculus)

SIZE:

  • Up to 21 in. (53 cm)
  • 5-6 lb (2.5 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

Endangered

DISTRIBUTION:

  • Galapagos Islands

HABITAT:

They breed mainly in caves or crevices of old lava flows and in burrows.

MARKINGS:

The smallest of the Spheniscus penguins, Galapagos penguins have a narrow, white stripe on the head and their flippers are almost entirely black.

NEST TYPE:

  • Crevices and burrows of old lava flows

PREY:

  • Small fishes like sardines and mullet

PREDATORS:

  • Sharks, earred barn owls, Galapagos hawk, feral cats, feral dogs

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 1,500-4,000 breeding pairs

Sources:

http://www.penguins.cl/penguins-species.htm

http://www.penguinworld.com/types/adelie.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org

noaa.org

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#penguins #birds #Antarctica

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