FIORDLAND PENGUINS (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus)

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FIORDLAND PENGUINS (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus)

SIZE:

  • Up to 24 in. (61 cm)
  • 6-7 lb (2.5.3 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

Vulnerable

DISTRIBUTION:

  • New Zealand and islands near Antarctica

HABITAT:

Fiordland Penguins breed under high rainforest canopy, in dense shrub, under boulders, and in caves.

MARKINGS:

Yellow crests above the eyes and a stout bill. Often confused with Snares penguins, Fiordland penguins are larger than Snares and also have a series of white streaks on the cheeks and lack of a fleshy margin at the base of the bill.

NEST TYPE:

Built in forest under vegetation, rocks, or in caves with nests constructed of twigs and grass. The breeding season begins in June during the austral winter. Males fast for 40 to 45 days from arrival until their first foraging trip. The second-laid egg hatches several days before the first egg. The smaller chick from the latter typically dies within a few days due to starvation.

PREY:

  • Cuttlefish, crustaceans, small fishes

PREDATORS:

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 2,500 breeding pairs

Sources:

http://www.penguins.cl/penguins-species.htm

http://www.penguinworld.com/types/adelie.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org

noaa.org

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#birds #penguins #Antarctica

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