EMPEROR PENGUINS (Aptenodytes forsteri)

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EMPEROR PENGUINS (Aptenodytes forsteri)

SIZE:

  • Up to 44 in. (112 cm)
  • 60-90 lb (27-41 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

Near threatened

DISTRIBUTION:

Antarctica. During breeding season in the Antarctic winter about 30 colonies will occupy southern parts of the Antarctic continent, usually on fast ice.

HABITAT:

Breeds during the Antarctic winter from March to December by balancing eggs and chicks are balanced on their feet to stop them from touching the ice. No nests are built, allowing the colony the ability to move around based on conditions and huddle close together to protect from the cold. Males are solely responsible for the two-month incubation of the egg during the heart of winter in almost continuous darkness. If the female has not returned by the time of hatching, the male is able to feed the chick for a short time with a “milk” secreted from the esophagus.

MARKINGS:

Largest of all 17 penguin species, emperors have lemon-yellow ear patches that open out onto the chest

NEST TYPE:

  • No nest. Bred on ice and egg carried on feet.

PREY:

  • Squid, fishes

PREDATORS:

  • Leopard seals, killer whales, skuas

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 218,000 breeding pairs

Sources:

http://www.penguins.cl/penguins-species.htm

http://www.penguinworld.com/types/adelie.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org

noaa.org

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#penguins #birds #Antarctica

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