CHINSTRAP PENGUINS (Pygoscelis antarctica)

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CHINSTRAP PENGUINS (Pygoscelis antarctica)

SIZE:

  • 18-24 in. (46-61 cm)
  • 9 lb (4 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

Least concern

DISTRIBUTION:

Antarctica and nearby islands including South Georgia, South Orkney, South Shetland, Bouvetøya, Peter First, Heard and Balleny Islands, and the South Sandwich Islands, which is known to have the largest colonies of all islands.

HABITAT:

Chinstraps prefer hillside slopes and rocky outcrops for breeding. Even when they swim, they appear to stay close to submerged ridges.

MARKINGS:

As the name implies, a signature black band curves under the chin, forming a “chinstrap.”

NEST TYPE:

  • Colonies out in the open. Colonies can be massive.

PREY:

  • Krill, small fishes

PREDATORS:

  • Leopard seals, skuas, sheathbills

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 7.5 million breeding pairs

Sources:

http://www.penguins.cl/penguins-species.htm

http://www.penguinworld.com/types/adelie.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org

noaa.org

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#penguins #birds #Antarctica

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