AFRICAN PENGUINS (Spheniscus demersus)

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AFRICAN PENGUINS (Spheniscus demersus)

SIZE:

  • 24-28 in. (61-71 cm)
  • 7 lb (3 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

Endangered

DISTRIBUTION:

Southern Africa, with large concentrations found in the Benguela Current a northward-flowing current on the western coast of Africa. Individuals have been in Mozambique, Gabon, Setta Cama, and Inhaca Island.

HABITAT:

Large colonies of up to 10,000 pairs will gather to forage close inshore, particularly during breeding season. During breeding season they will build nests on rock crevices or under shrubs. The poorly organized colonies are very loud with adults constantly braying.

MARKINGS:

Pink, fleshy areas around and above the eyes that is naked skin. Like Humbolt penguins, African penguins differ from Magellanic penguins in that both species lack a second dark band on the breast. Though unusual, some African penguins have a second breast band.

NEST TYPE:

Under bushes or in burrows

PREY:

Squid, crustaceans, fishes

PREDATORS:

South African fur seals, Southern sea lions, octopus, sharks, sacred ibis, gulls

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 180,000 individuals

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#penguins #birds #Antarctica

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