ADELIE PENGUINS (Pygoscelis adeliae)

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ADELIE PENGUINS (Pygoscelis adeliae)

SIZE:

  • 18-24 in. (46-61 cm)
  • 8-10 pounds (3.5-4.5 kg)

THREAT LEVEL:

  • Least concern

DISTRIBUTION:

Shorelines of Antarctica and neighboring islands including South Shetland, South Orkney, South Sandwich, and Bouvetøya. Individuals are very social both on land in the water.

HABITAT:

Adelie Penguins breed in colonies ranging from a few dozen to many thousands of individuals. Distinct sub-colonies can be recognized within the large colony.

MARKINGS:

Adults have white eye rings during the breeding season. Young birds do not have the eye ring until they are about 14 months old.

NEST TYPE:

Nests are generally depressions in the ground that are lined with stones that keep meltwater off of the eggs. There is a high demand for stones since they are used to protect eggs and limits the breeding areas for Adelies to ice-free nesting habitats on Antarctic. Migratory birds, Adelies will leave the colonies after breeding and not return again until it is time to breed.

PREY:

  • mostly krill, but will also eat fish and small shrimp

PREDATORS:

  • Leopard seals, skuas, sheathbills

POPULATION ESTIMATE:

  • 2.5 million breeding pairs

Sources:

http://www.penguins.cl/penguins-species.htm

http://www.penguinworld.com/types/adelie.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org

noaa.org

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#penguins #birds #Flocked

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