ADELIE PENGUINS (Pygoscelis adeliae)
- 18-24 in. (46-61 cm)
- 8-10 pounds (3.5-4.5 kg)
- Least concern
Shorelines of Antarctica and neighboring islands including South Shetland, South Orkney, South Sandwich, and Bouvetøya. Individuals are very social both on land in the water.
Adelie Penguins breed in colonies ranging from a few dozen to many thousands of individuals. Distinct sub-colonies can be recognized within the large colony.
Adults have white eye rings during the breeding season. Young birds do not have the eye ring until they are about 14 months old.
Nests are generally depressions in the ground that are lined with stones that keep meltwater off of the eggs. There is a high demand for stones since they are used to protect eggs and limits the breeding areas for Adelies to ice-free nesting habitats on Antarctic. Migratory birds, Adelies will leave the colonies after breeding and not return again until it is time to breed.
- mostly krill, but will also eat fish and small shrimp
- Leopard seals, skuas, sheathbills
- 2.5 million breeding pairs
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